Freedman’s Bank


Freedman’s Bank Records Open New Doors, Reveal Much

The Freedman’s Bank, a distinct entity from the Freedman’s Bureau, was established by Congress on March 3, 1865.   The bank’s official name was the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company.  The bank’s purpose was to assist African-Americans recently freed from bondage to adjust and thrive economically. It had branches in 16 states and the District of Columbia, where former slaves, black …Continue reading →

George Guynes [Gines] Freedman’s Bank Record

George Gines appeared on the 1870 census of Caddo Parish, Louisiana as “George Guion.”  In April, 1872, however, the Freedman’s Bank lists him as “George Guynes.”  The bank record also lists “Ed” and “Henry”  apparently as separate persons.  The absence of Ed on the census, combined with known family naming patterns, had led me to surmise that they were the …Continue reading →

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